Thrissur district constitutes the central region of the State. It has played an important role in the political history of the Kerala state as well as the entire Southern India.Physiographically, the district is divided into three distinct regions, viz, the highlands comprising of extensive ravines and dense forests in the terraces and hills. The midlands or plains consisting extensive paddy fields, interspersed by rivers and canals. The lowlands as a narrow stretch bordering the coastline is made of the sand silt and alluvium brought down by the rivers. The backwaters, locally called as Kayals, lie parallel to the 50km.long coast, interconnected with cannals, which provide facilities for inland navigation.
Known as the “Cultural Capital” of Kerala is built around a hillock, crowned by the famous Vadakkunathan(Siva) Temple, believed to have been founded by legendary Parasurama.The temple is a classical example of Kerala style of architecture and houses several sacred shrines. It is believed that Adi Shankaracharya spent his last days here. The major attraction is ThrisurPooram Festival, celebrated during April-May, the Elephant Umbrella competition is spectacular, as beautifully decorated elephants carrying ceremonial umbrellas take the deity on a chariot around the main temple. Other interesting sites are the ZOO, Fort, Palaces and Churches.The important crops grown are paddy, coconut, tapioca, areca nut, cashew, banana, rubber, pepper, turmeric, pulses etc.Various traditional industries like handloom, weaving , oil crushing,pottery, coir, basket making, bell metal, mat weaving etc.flourish in the district.