Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary
The Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary is situated on the southern part of the Western Ghats in the Pathanapuram taluk of Kollam district. The sanctuary covers a total area of 100.32 square kilometers. Historically, Shenduruny has a rich tradition. As per a recent study has resulted in the excavation of the remains of Stone Age culture from a large cave situated at the north -western part of the Shenduruny river. It was proved that these remains belong to the Mesolithic period. Etymologically the word “Shenduruny” has been derived from a tree species locally called 'Shenkuruny or Chenkuruny' (Gluta travancorica), an widespread tree mainly confined to this area. The Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary was established in 1984. The construction of the Parappar dam across the confluence of the Shenduruny and Kulathupuzha rivers has resulted in the creation of an artificial lake of about 26 square kilometers. which spreads along the middle of the sanctuary. The construction of the dam has also caused to destruction of about 23 square kilometers of rich forest cover. Prior to the development of Shenduruny as a wildlife sanctuary, the area was under the Thenmala Forest Division. Both clear felling and selection felling were once practiced in this area to a large extent. Large tracts of forests were clear felled and such areas were converted to plantations. Besides, the expansion of the Thiruvananthapuram - Shencottah road (T.S.Road) during the 40's also enhanced the deterioration of the Shenduruny forests. Despite all these disturbances the fauna status of Shenduruny valley was found to be some what well, especially in the eastern mountainous zone. So, according to the recommendations by the Quilon Circle Committee report, the Government declared Shenduruny as wildlife sanctuary on August 25, 1984. Now the sanctuary comes under the Thiruvananthapuram Wildlife Division.
There are four different types of vegetation have been found in Shenduruny, these are the west coast tropical evergreen forest, west coast tropical semi-evergreen forest, southern moist mixed deciduous forest and the southern hilltop tropical evergreen forest. Among these four types of vegetations, the tropical evergreen forest comprises one fourth of the total area. The major fauna includes, Macaca Radiata, the bonnet macaque, the lion-tailed macaque, the Nilgiri langur, squirrels, the Indian giant squirrel, three striped palm squirrel, the gaur or Indian bison, the sambar deer, the muntjack or barking deer, the Indian chevrotain or mouse deer, wild boar and the Indian elephant are live in this sanctuary