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The Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary is situated about 50 kilometers north east of Thiruvananthapuram city. Rainfall and other climate factors are similar to that of Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary. There are 13 tribal settlements in the sanctuary. Eleven are in Athirumala section and two are in Thodayar section. The forests of Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary constitute the catchments of Peppara dam constructed across Karamana River and commissioned during 1983 to increase drinking water supply to Thiruvananthapuram city and its suburban areas. Considering the ecological significance of the area, it was declared as a wildlife sanctuary in 1983. The area was formerly a part of Paruthippally range of Thiruvananthapuram Territorial Division. The major mammals include elephant, gaur,sambar, barking deer, mouse deer, wild boar, tiger, panther, wild dog, lion tailed macaque, Nilgiri langur, Malabar squirrel etc. Water birds like darter, little cormorant, pied king fisher and egrets are also common. Many kinds of snakes including the king cobra and python are also present in this sanctuary. The area has a variety of moth and butterflies.