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Thrissur - 5.0 out of 5 based on 2 reviews
Holidays in Thrissur - 5.0 out of 5 based on 2 reviews

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THRISSUR

 

 

Thrissur district constitutes the central region of the State. It has played an important role in the political history of the Kerala state as well as the entire Southern India.Physiographically, the district is divided into three distinct regions, viz, the highlands comprising of extensive ravines and dense forests in the terraces and hills. The midlands or plains consisting extensive paddy fields, interspersed by rivers and canals. The lowlands as a narrow stretch bordering the coastline is made of the sand silt and alluvium brought down by the rivers. The backwaters, locally called as Kayals, lie parallel to the 50km.long coast, interconnected with cannals, which provide facilities for inland navigation.

 

Known as the “Cultural Capital” of Kerala is built  around a hillock, crowned by the famous Vadakkunathan(Siva) Temple, believed to have been founded by legendary Parasurama.The temple is a classical example of Kerala style of architecture and houses several sacred shrines. It is believed that Adi Shankaracharya spent his last days here. The major attraction is ThrisurPooram Festival, celebrated during April-May, the Elephant Umbrella competition is spectacular, as beautifully decorated elephants carrying ceremonial umbrellas take the deity on a chariot around the main temple. Other interesting sites are the ZOO, Fort, Palaces and Churches.The important crops grown are paddy, coconut, tapioca, areca nut, cashew, banana, rubber, pepper, turmeric, pulses etc.Various traditional industries like handloom, weaving , oil crushing,pottery, coir, basket making, bell metal, mat weaving etc.flourish in the district.

 

 

 

Thrissur Pooram - 5.0 out of 5 based on 1 review

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 Thrissur Pooram

 

Thrissur Pooram is the most well-liked temple festival of the South Indian state. It is held at the Vadakkunnathan Temple in Thrissur town every year on the 'Pooram' day. People celebrate pooram without any religious difference. Thrissur Pooram was the brain child of Raja Rama Varma or famously known as Sakthan Thampuran, the Maharaja of Cochin (1790–1805). Before the start of Thrissur Pooram, the largest temple festival in Kerala was the one-day festival held at Aarattupuzha knows as Arattupuzha Pooram. Temples in and around City of Thrissur were regular participants. One day because of incessant rains, they were late for the Arattupuzha Pooram and were denied access to the Pooram procession. Felt embarrassed by the denial, the temples went to the Sakthan Thampuran and told their story. So in 1798, he unified the 10 temples situated around Vadakkunnathan Temple and organized the celebration of Thrissur Pooram as a mass festival. He invited temples with their deities to City of Thrissur to pay obeisance to Lord Vadakkunnathan, the presiding deity of the Vadakkunnathan Temple. Sakthan Thampuran ordained these temples into two groups, Western group and Eastern group. The Western group as Thiruvambadi Sri Krishna Temple consisting of Kanimangalam, Laloor, Ayyanthole and Nethilakkavu as the main one. The Eastern group called as Paramekkavu Bagavathi Temple, consisting in addition to Paramekkavu temple, Karamukku, Chembukavu, Choorakottukavu and Panamukkamppilly. The Pooram was to be centered around the Vadakkunnathan Temple, with all these temples sending their Poorams (the whole procession), to pay obeisance to the Shiva, the presiding deity. The Thampuran is believed to have chalked out the program and the main events of the Thrissur Pooram festival..

Kodungallor - 5.0 out of 5 based on 1 review

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Kodungallor

Kodungaloore Temple

The historical town 50km.south-west of Thrissur is of immense historical value. The town earlier known as Muziris to the Greeks and Romans was an ancient centre of trade and commerce with the Jews, Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans and the Arabs .Pliny, the great traveler described it as the first emporium in India. It has been the first settlement for the Jews, Christians and Muslims in India. It has been the first settlement for the Jews, Christians and Muslims in India. The striking feature of the mosque is that it faces Mecca. It is also known for the Kurumba Bhagavati temple and its Bharani Festival .The pilgrimage to the temple during festival is believed to be potential deterrent to infectious diseases like small pox and cholera.

Cheraman Juma Masjid


The tradition holds that Cheraman Juma Masjid in Kodungallur, built in 629 AD by Mālik bin Dīnār, is the oldest mosque in India and the second oldest mosque in the world to offer Jumu'ah prayers.Constructed during the lifetime of Muhammad, the bodies of some of his original followers are said to be buried there. Unlike other mosques in the region that face westwards this mosque faces east.The legend has it that a group of Muhammad's Ṣaḥāba (companions) visited Kodungallur. An unknown Chera dynasty ruler had witnessed a miraculous happening — the sudden splitting of the moon, the celebrated miracle of Muhammad — and learned on inquiry that this was a symbol of the coming of a Messenger of God from Arabia. Soon after, the Chera ruler traveled to Makkah, where he embraced Islam, and accepted the name "Tajuddin". On his way back to India he died at Salalah in Oman. On his deathbed he is said to have authorised some of his Arab companions to go back to his kingdom to spread Islam. Accordingly, a group of Arabs led by Mālik bin Dīnār and Mālik bin Habib arrived in northern Chera kingdom and constructed the Cheraman Juma Masjid at Kodungalloor

Kodungallur fort

Relics of the Cranganore Fort built by the Portuguese on the shores of the Kottapuram River
Cranganore Fort, also known as Kottappuram Fort, was built by Portuguese in 1523 and later in 1565 it was enlarged. The fort was named as Fortaleza Sao Tome, by the Portuguese. The Dutch took possession of the fort in 1663. The remains of the fort show that the original fort wall was 18 feet in thickness. The ruin is also known as Tipu's fort

Kodungallur Bhagavathy Temple: It is believed to have been constructed during the reign of Chera King, Cheran Senkuttuvan. It is famous for its Bharani and Thalappoli festival. The temple requires the pilgrim to carry pepper and turmeric powder as one of the offerings to the deity. The Bharani festival at the Kodungallur Bhagawati temple is a month of festivities of the Bharani asterism in the month of Aquarius to seven days after the Bharani asterism in the month of Pisces. Traditionally, the temple (especially during the Bharani festival) has been associated with animal sacrifices. The blood of the sacrificed used to be spilled over two stones in the prakaram(closed precincts of a temple), but these customs have been abolished in the 20th century. William Logan, a social historian of Kerala, noted in 1887 that Kodungallur Bharani could have been the most important celebration in Kerala if Onam, the national festival of Kerala, was excused.

Thiruvanchikulam Mahadeva Temple: It is one of the oldest Shiva temples in South India where Lord Shiva is said to have lived along with his whole family. This temple has got a relation with Tamil Nadu's famous Chidambaram temple. This temple has another rare event called "Anayottam" (elephant race) which is part of the annual festival. Lord Shiva of the Thiruvanchikulam temple is the family god of Cochin Royal Family (Perumpadapu Swaroopam). Thiruvanchikulam temple has the oldest reference in history in old Tamil Sangam literature, well before Malayalam was formed.

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The Thrissur Town Hall

Thrissur Town Hall Art Gallery

Town Hall is for a sight of mural paintings from all over Kerala, visit the Town Hall, an imposing building with an art gallery or Chitralayam. It was constructed during the Dewanship of RK Shanmughom Chetti and contains the Archaeological Museum and Picture Gallery, where mural paintings from all parts of the Kerala are copied and exhibited. The must see in this museum is the collection of the old manuscripts which is written on the palm leaves, they are called as olagrandhangal. It was built in honour of the then Emperor of India, King George for silver jubilee. It is built in the Victorian style with a lawn and garden in front of it.

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Kerala Kalamandalam, Cheruthurthy

Kerala Kalamandalam


Cheruthuruthy is the seat of the Kerala kalamandalam, renowned the world over for its Kathakali training centre. The music and dance academy was founded by the famous poet, Vallathol Narayana Menon in 1930.Training in Kathakali, Mohiniyattom, Thullal and other art forms of Kerala is imparted here. Cultural programs are also arranged.

 

 


Kalamandalam imparts training in classical dance and theatre forms like Kathakali, Mohiniyattam, Kudiyattam, Thullal,Kuchipudi, Bharatanatyam, and Nangiar Koothu, besides the traditional orchestra called Panchavadyam. Training is also given in various percussion instruments like chenda, maddalam and mizhavu. Kalamandalam follows the gurukula sampradayam, the ancient Indian education system based on residential tutelage. Kalamandalam was conceived to provide training to its students in the Gurukula Sampradaya, an ancient tradition of residential schooling where students stayed with the teachers.

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Thrissur Zoo or State Museum & Zoo, Thrissur (formerly the Trichur Zoo) is a 13.5-acre (5.5 ha) zoo that opened in 1885 in the heart of the city. It is one of the oldest zoos in the country, and is home to the wide variety of animals, reptiles, and birds. The zoo compound includes a natural history museum and an art museum that showcase the socio-cultural heritage of the region. The zoo includes a Zoological Garden, Botanical Garden, Art Museum, and Natural History Museum in its compound. Wildlife at the Thrissur zoo includes tigers, lions, deers, sloth bears, monkeys, hippopotamus, camels, cobras, kraits, vipers, rat snakes, pink flamingos, mithun of the north-eastern hills, and lion-tailed macaques. There is also a special building which houses snakes.

Photography permitted with the permission from Director/Supt.

Working Hours : 10am to 5pm. Wednesdays upto 1pm.
Thrissur Zoo is a major attraction for children and students with a variety of animals.

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Peechi Dam, It is an irrigation project site which offers boating facilities at the reservoir. If you are lucky, you might even spot a wild tusker or two on the forested banks, which form apart of the 125sq.Km Peechi Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary . It is 23 km from Thrissur is the main irrigation project of the city. It was started as an irrigation project has now burgeoned into a popular picnic spot ,which offers boating facilities at the reservoir. The dam is built across the Manali River and is endowed with an immense catchment area that stretches across an expanse of nearly 3200 acres. The project is intended for irrigating 17555 Ha land in Mukundapuram, Thalappally, Thrissur and Chavakkad Taluk, through the left and right bank main canal and Branch canals. In addition to this, drinking water is supplied to Thrissur Corporation and Eight near by Panchayat from this reservoir.The colorful and beautifully tended botanical gardens as well as the rippling fountains accentuate the beauty of the place. The Peechi Wildlife Sanctuary, located a mere 15 km away from Thrissur is also a big draw with the tourists. Peechi, a small and picturesque town, sited at a distance of 23 km from Thrissur , is one of the ideal spots to attract tourists with its vast catchment area, botanical gardens and lush green forests. the dam is a vast catchment area of nearly 3,200 acres (1,300 ha) with extensive botanical gardens and cascading fountains offer numerous inviting avenues for tourists. One can see tuskers on the bank of Peechi-Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary, established in 1958 covering 125 square kilometres.Peechi dam & Garden

 

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Arattupuzha Pooram

 

 

The famous Ayyappa temple at Aarattupuzha is just 14 kms south of Thrissur town. The 'Arattupuzha Pooram' celebrated on the Malayalam month 'Meenam' (March) is famous and hundreds of elephants participate in this festival ,bearing bright colored umbrellas and parasols, presenting a supreme spectacle. Arattupuzha Pooram is the oldest and the most spectacular of the pooram festivals of Kerala. It is believed that on this day a hundred and one gods and goddesses of the neighbouring villages visited Sree Ayyappan, the presiding deity of the Arattupuzha Temple. Panchavadyam, nadaswaram, pacharimelam and pandimelam add to the festive tempo. The arattu (holy bath of the idol of the diety) ritual is performed with great pomp and gaiety in the arattupuzha river on the following day. Arattupuzha temple is open 05:00 - 09:30 am & 05:00 - 07:00 pm.

Punnathurkotta- Elephant Camp - 5.0 out of 5 based on 1 review

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Punnathur Kotta

 

Punnathurkotta is a fort and former palace located in Kottapadi, about 2 km from the Guruvayoor Sree Krishna Temple, in Thrissur District of Kerala State in South India.Punnathurkotta was once the palace of a local ruler, but the palace grounds are now used to house the elephants belonging to the Guruvayoor temple, and has been renamed Anakkotta (meaning "Elephant Fort"). There were 86 elephants housed there, but currently there are about 66 elephants. The elephants are ritual offerings made by the devotees of Lord Guruvayurappa. This facility is also used to train the elephants to serve Lord Krishna as well as participate in many festivals that occur throughout the year. The oldest elephant is around 82 years of age and is called 'Ramachandran'. The rituals of Gajapooja (Worshipping Elephants) and Anayoottu (Feeding Elephants) are observed here, as an offering to Lord Ganesha. The legendary elephant "Guruvayur Keshavan" was housed here. The compound also has a naalu kettu, a traditional rectangular home with a central courtyard, which belonged to the Punnathur Raja. It is poorly maintained and presently houses a training school for Papans (Mahout). This complex also contains a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva and Bhagavathy. Some scenes in the famous Malayalam movie "Oru Vadakkan Veeragatha" (starring Mammooty) were filmed at this location. The visiting hours are 8.00 AM to 6.00 PM. 

 

 

Vadakkumnathan Temple - 5.0 out of 5 based on 1 review

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Vadakkumnathan Temple

Vadakkumnathan Temple Thrissur


 
One of the oldest temples in the State, the Vadakkumnathan Temple is a classic example of the Kerala style of architecture and has many decorative murals and pieces of art. This is the venue of the world famous Pooram festival celebrated annually. The fireworks at the Pooram are a spectacular sight. This temple is a classic example of the Kerala style of architecture. The temple contains the sacred shrines of Paramashiva, Parvathy, Sankaranarayana, Ganapathy, Sri Rama and Sri Krishna. The central shrines and Koothambalam exhibit exquisite vignettes carved in wood. Legend goes that this temple was founded by Parasurama.This temple is a classic example of the architectural style of Kerala and has monumental towers on all four sides and also a kuttambalam. Mural paintings depicting various episodes from Mahabharata can be seen inside the temple The shrines and the Kuttambalam display vignettes carved in wood. The temple, along with the mural paintings, has been declared as a National Monument by India under Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act. According to popular local lore, this is the first temple built by Parasurama, the sixth incarnation of Vishnu. Tekkinkadu Ground, encircling the Vadakkunnathan Temple, is the main venue of the Thrissur Pooram.In the year 2012 Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has recommended 14 sites, including Vadakkumnathan Temple and palaces, from Kerala to include in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

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Irinjalakuda Koodal Manikyam Temple

It is located 10km away from Irnjalakuda railway station. This ancient temple is dedicated to Lord Bharatha; the brother of Sri Rama.It is perhaps the only temple in India with Bharatha as the deity. The colorful eleven day annual festival with a pageant of thirteen caparisoned elephants is held in April/May. The festival in this temple marks the end of the Hindu temple festival season in Kerala.

Ariyannoor Temple, Kandanissery

This temple has a carved entrance gable which has been compared to the wooden sculptures of American artist Louise Nevelson.The Siva temple at Thiruvanchikulam as well as the Sri Krishna

Temple at Thirukulashekharapuram is believed to be monuments from the 9th century.

Shakthan Tampuran Palace

Also known as Palace Thoppu, the campus covers an area of 6 acres. Here you can see three shavakudeerams (tombs) including that of Shakthan Tampuran, the greatest ruler of the Cochin dynasty.

Cheraman Juma masjid

It is located 2km from Kodungallor town, this mosque resembles a Hindu temple in appearance. Built in 629AD, this is the first mosque in India and the second in the world where Juma prayers were started.

Chimmni Wildlife Sanctury

It is located 35kms from Thrissur.Main attractions are the flora and fauna. The Flora includes Evergreen

Forests, Semi Evergreen Forests, Leaf shedding forests. Fauna includes Leopards, Elephants, Bears, Wild pigs, Wild bisons; Tigers etc.Trecking Trails include many paths up the rocks and into the forests of Sanctuary

St.Thomas Memorial , Kodungalloor.

It is located 15km from the Cochin International Airport.St.Thomas is believed to have landed in Kodungallor (formerly called Muziris) in 52AD.The St.Thomas Church established by him houses ancient relics.

St.Mary’s Forane Church ,Koratty

Also known as the Church of Koratty Muthy, this was established in 1381.The annual feast falls on the Saturday and Sunday following the 10th October, during which the statue of Koratty Muthy is taken out in a possession from the church. An important offering here is the poovankuala(bunch of plantain).

Chirstian Divine Retreat Centres

They are located at Muringoor and Potta near Chalakudi on the Kochi-Thrissur route.

Other places of interest nearby include Cheramanparambu, the ancient Thiruvanchikulam Temple, the Bhagavati Temple and Portuguese fort.

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Guruvayur

Guruvayoor Temple

The major Hindu pilgrim centre is 31km north-west of Thrissur.It is also known as the “Dwarka of South” and is famous for the SreeKrishna Temple. The antiquity of the temple can be traced prior to 16th century, but it is believed that the temple was created by Guru, the preceptor of the Devas and Vayu, the “Lord of Winds”. The idol of the Lord Guruvayur is said to have been worshipped by Lord Brahma himself at Dwarka.The eastern nada is the main entrance to the shrine. In the Chuttambalam (outer enclosure) is a 33.5m. High gold plated Dwajasthambam (flag post).There is a 7m high Dipastambham (pillar of lamps). Sreekovil is the sanctum sanctorum of the temple, which enshrines the main deity. Lord Krishna is the presiding deity of the temple and is popularly known as “Guruvayurappan” or the “Lord of Guruvayur”.The temple is also renowned for the healing powers. This is also a good place to watch Kerala Hindu marriage ceremony as it is the favorite venue for weddings and “Annaprasanam”, the first feeding ceremony of the child. There are four main festivals in the temple, which attract thousands of pilgrims from all over the country


Major Festivals


Guruvayur Ekadasi


Ekadasi, the eleventh day of every lunar fortnight, is very auspicious to the Hindus. Of the 24 Ekadasis in a year, the Vrishchika Ekadasi (Sukla paksha) has got special significance in Guruvayur temple. A memorial honour for Gajarajan Kesavan is conducted in Guruvayur. The Karanavar or head of the elephant family places a wreath at the statue of Kesavan in front of Sreevalsam guest house and all the other elephants stand around and pay obeisance. On Ekadasi day, the Udayasthamana Pooja (dawn to dusk pooja) is conducted by the Devaswom itself . After the morning seeveli, on Ekadasi there is a grand elephant procession to the Parthasarathi temple since it is regarded as Geethopadesam Day also. On Ekadasi after night pooja, the famous Ekadasi Vilakku with elephant procession takes place and provides a fitting finale to the festival..


Chembai Sangeetholsavam


Chembai Sangeetholsavam is an annual Carnatic music festival held in Guruvayur by the Guruvayur Devaswom at Thiruvaiyaru as a kind of homage to Chembai Vaidyanatha Bhagavatar, one of the titans of Carnatic Classical Music. Chembai had conducted the festival in the temple town on his own for about 60 years. He used to invite all the great Carnatic Musicians to perform in the temple town and in course of time, the scale of the festival rivaled the Thiruvaiyaru Thyagaraja Aradhana, which is recognized as one of the most important festivals of homage paid to Saint Thyagaraja. The Guruvayur Devaswom decided to take charge after his death in 1974, and renamed it as Chembai Sangeetholsavam in his memory. About 2000-2500 musicians participate in this festival every year, and it is held for about 12–15 days culminating on the Guruvayur Ekadasi day, when all the musicians sing 5 favourite songs of Chembai and also the Pancharatna Kritis of Thyagaraja.

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Koodalmanikyam Temple Irinjalakuda

Koodalmanikyam Temple or Kudal Manikkam Temple is a Hindu temple which is situated in Irinjalakuda. The temple comprises the main structure, walled compound with citadels, four ponds around the main structure where in one of the ponds is situated within the walled structure.

Koodalmanikyam Temple is the only temple in India dedicated to the worship of Bharata, the second brother of Rama. Today, the presiding deity of Koodalmanikyam Temple near Irinjalakuda is Bharata, the brother of Ram; originally it was Bharateswara. the Digambara Jain saint. The temple is one of four in Kerala state that form a set called "Nalambalam", each temple dedicated to one of the four brothers in Ramayana: Rama, Bharata, Lakshmana and Shatrughna. The largest of the four lakes are Kuttan Kulam, located outside the compound on the eastern side, and Kulipini Theertham, located inside the compound. Kulipini Theertham is believed to be sanctified by the sage Kulipini Maharshi, who held a great ritual sacrifice, a yajna, at the spot. Water from this source is used for rituals and ceremonies within the temple. Priests are allowed to take part in the ceremonies after clensing themselves at the "Kuttan Kulam" outside the temple and then have to take a dip in "Kulipini Theertham" before entering Sanctum Sanctorum. The pond outside the compound located at the western side is called "Padinjare Kulam" and the pond outside the compound located at the southern side is called "Thekke Kulam". These three water bodies constitute a significant area as much as the size of the temple itself. Except "Kulipini Theertham" the other three water bodies are open to the public.

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Athirapally  is located 63 kms from Thrissur.At the entrance to the Sholayar ranges, this 80foot high waterfall is a popular picnic spot.The scenic beauty of Athirapilly waterfalls presents a spectacular visual extravagance to visitors. A very popular picnic spot, Athirapilly is located close to Chalakudy in Kerala. The falls are located amidst dense forests and the entire region looks ‘picture-perfect’ in every way. Athirapilly-Vazhachal waterfalls are situated on the edge Sholayar forest ranges, just 5 kms apart.This sparkling cascade of silvery water, falls from a height of approximately 80 mts to join the Chalakudy river below.You can have a spectacular view from the top of the waterfalls when you walk through the rock pathway that leads from the main entrance. And for those with an adventurous streak, there is a fantastic view from the bottom of the waterfalls which can be reached with a little bit of trekking on slippery mountain trails. It’s a beautiful trail and you can relish the water from the falls sprinkling all over you. The view of the entire landscape is amazing. Best Time to Visit Athirapilly Waterfalls is July to September. Unique attractions in and around Athirapilly Waterfalls are Chapra Falls (1.5 km away from Athirapilly), Vazhachal Falls (about 5 km from Athirapilly), Dream World Amusement Park (24 kms from Athirapilly) and Silver Storm Amusement Parks – (about 30 km from Athirapilly).