Wayand wildlife sanctuary is established in 1973, the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is adjacent to the protected forest area network of Nagarhole and Bandipur of Karnataka on the north-east and Mudimalai of Tamilnadu on the south-east. This wildlife sanctuary is rich in bio-diversity; the sanctuary is an integral part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, Which has been established with the specific objective of conservation of the biological heritage of this region. Consisting entirely of notified reserve, the sanctuary is very rich in fauna and flora. Generally Wayanad has an invigorating climate. The average rain fall in this district is 2322 Millie Meter. Lakkidi, Vythiri and Meppadi are the high rainfall areas in Wayanad. Annual rain fall in these high rain fall areas ranges from 3,000 to 4,000m.m. High velocity winds are common during the south west monsoon and dry winds blow in March-April. High altitude regions experience severe cold.
Around 110 sq. kilometers of the sanctuary is under plantations of teak, eucalyptus and grevelia. In the dense evergreen forest, maruthi, karimaruthi, rosewood, venteak, vengal, chadachi, mazhukanjiram, bamboo etc grow. In the semi evergreen forest Lagerstroemia, Lanceolata, Termianalia paniculata etc are common. The animal inhabitants of this sanctuary includes Elephant, tiger, Panther, jungle cat, civet cat, monkeys, wild dog, bison, deer, bear, etc. Reptiles like monitor lizard and a variety of snakes are commonly seen. Peacock, babblers, cuckoos, owl, wood pecker and jungle fowl are only a few among the different types of birds seen in the area. The sanctuary comes under the Wayanand Wildlife Division with head quarters at Sultan Bathery. The management of the Wayanad Wildlife sanctuary gives emphasis on the scientific preservation taking in to account of the general lifestyle of the Tribals and others who live on the fringe of the forest. Elephant, spotted deer. Bison, tiger, cheetah, wild bear etc. can be spotted here. Elephant rides are arranged by the Forest department.