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Chinnar Wildlife Sancutary

 

Chinnar wildlife sanctuary is situated on the Munnar- Udampety road it is 70 kms from Munnar. Chinnar wildlife sanctuary is located close to Eravikulam National Park and Anamalai Wildlife Sanctuary in Tamilnadu state also adds the attraction of this sanctuary.  This sanctuary is under the jurisdiction of Eravikulam National Park. This sanctuary sharing its borders with Eravikulam National Park in the South, Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary in the north, and Kodiakanal Wildlife Sanctuary in the east.  The Western Ghats, Anamalai Sub cluster, including all of Chinnar wildlife sanctuary is declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO World Heritage committee.

 

This sanctuary is established in 1984, is home to wide range of wildlife species. Because of the major variation in altitude and rainfall, it has a wide array of habitat types like deciduous forests, dry thorny forest, riparian types, shoals and grasslands that are interspersed with plains, hillocks, rocks and cliffs which provide microhabitats for varied forms of life. It is an abundant habitat of reptilian fauna and the richest in Kerala in terms of the number of species. Albizia lathamii, a critically endangered species has been reported from the dry forests of Chinnar. It is a well known repository of medicinal plants. The riverine forests along Chinnar and Pambar support a healthy population of Grizzled Giant Squirrel.

 

The famous ‘white bison of Manjampatti’ has been recently reported from Chinnar. With 225 species of birds, Chinnar is rich in avian diversity. In association with the neighbouring PAs, Chinnar forms part of a viable conservation unit.It is considers as 34 variety species of Mammals live here, includes Panthers, Indian Elephants, Spotted Deer, Sambar Deer,  Tigers, Gaur, Langur, Bonnet Macque, Hanuman Monkey, Nilgiri Tahr, Wild Cats, Giant Squirrels…Etc. Around 245 species of birds including yellow throated Bulbuls. About 52 species of reptiles including 29 species of snakes, Indian Star Tortoise, and the largest population of Vulnerable Mugger Crocodiles if found in this Sanctuary. There are 156 species of butterflies can find here. The amazing phenomenon of butterfly migration occurs in between the monsoons.