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Arts - 5.0 out of 5 based on 2 reviews
Art form of Kerala - 5.0 out of 5 based on 1 review

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Kerala is a treasure land of varied art forms ranging from tribal arts on the one end to the art forms of experimental theatres on the other. With the wide ranging cultural, social and religious practices.Kerala presents a mosaic of traditional art forms from the very simple to the highly stylized and intricate ones. Bonded by a firm social fabric, natured and patronized by chieftains and royal families, the art forms of both the upper classes and the down- trodden alike had a golden past in Kerala.How ever, with the dismemberment of the feudal system and the social upsurge of the lower classes, some of the art form lost its patronage and had gone into oblivion.

 

Chakyarkoothu - 5.0 out of 5 based on 1 review

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 Chakyarkoothu

 

 

This classical dance is performed by the members of the professional Chakyar cast and that too only in Koothambalam of temples.It is one of the oldest of theatrical arts peculiar to Kerala.The term Koothu literally means dance which may be taken as an index of the importance attached to dance in the original form of the art.As a matter of fact, the movements and facial expressions and the signs and gestures employed by the actor in Koothu are said to approximate most closely to the principles laid down in the authoritative Sanskrit treatise on the subject, Bharatha’s Natya Sastra.

 

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KATHAKALI

 

Kathakali represents a happy synthesis of all that is best in dance, drama and music. It has been recognized by connoisseurs of art the world over as a “total art form of immense sophistication and power”. A number of enthusiasts of the art patronized it and introduced significant innovations with a view of making it more popular and attractive.

 

Koodiyatom - 5.0 out of 5 based on 1 review

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KOODIYATTOM

 

Koodiyattom , literally,  dancing together is the Sanskrit theatre of Kerala which is believed to have originated two millenia ago.The plays are in Sanskrit with the Chakyars performing the male roles and Nangiars ( women of the Nambiar community) performing the female roles.The Vidushaka or clown recities the Malayalam traslation for the benefit of the audience.Manipravalam, a mixture of Sanskrit and Malayalam language owes its origin to Koodiyattom.

 

The performance of Koodiyattom was codified in ancient times through elaborate stage manuals called Attaprakarams and Kramadeepikas.The theatric action is based on these choreogaraphic texts which contain all the logistic, organisational and theatric aspects of Koodiyattom.

 

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Krishnanattom

A refinement of Ashtapadiattom, evolved by Manavedan, the Zamorin was Krishnanattom.The whole story of Krishna was cast into a drama-cycle which would need eight nights for serial production.Vilwamangalaom, a Krishna devotee, helped in designing the costume of Krishna.The actors in this dance drama have to conform themselves to the ballet element and mimetic expression.The narrative song is left to the musicians.

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Margamkali

 

Margamkali is an art form popular among the Syrian Christians of Kerala, where twelve persons sing and dance around a nilavilakku (lamp) with eleven burning wicks.The lamp is believed to represent Christ and the performers, His twelve disciples.

 

 

Now a days Margam kali is a comptetitative item in youth festivals.

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Kalaripayattu

Kalari Payattu

Believed by many historians and scholars as one of the oldest and most scientific and comprehensive system of martial training existing in the world today, Kalaripayattu the ancient martial art of Kerala truly deserves the title of the forerunner of all marital arts.

 

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Mohiniyattam

 

 

Mohiniyattam is a typical dance form of Kerala which has had a chequered history. Literally it means “the dance of the enchantress”. In Mohiniyattam it is the “lasya” element that is dominant. The origin of Mohiniyattam is traced to the Dasiyattam developed by the Devadasis, in Kerala temples in the past.Swathi Tirunal who was a generous patron of all fine arts extended his patronage to Mohniyattam as well.Inspite of the encouragement given by Swati Thirunal, Mohiniyattam did not win much respectability as an art form. It was left to Malayalam poet Vallathol to exend his patronage to this art by including it in the syllabus of the Kerala Kalamandalam.

The exponents of this art form at Kalamandalam include Chinnaammu Amma and Kalayanikutti Amma and they evolved a typical Kalamandalam style for staging Mohiniyattam, even the costumes and the make up having a distinctiveness of their own.

 

In fact, Mohiniyattam as a dance form has been developed in Kalamandalam  to such perfection as to attract the attention of students and teachers of art from other parts of India and even  abroad. 

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Oppana

 

Oppana is a dance form and a performing art practiced by the Muslim women.It is believed that the word Oppana derives its origin from the word “Afna”(Arabic).It is performed to commemorate the nuptial celebrations of the bride and is part of the wedding festivities. It is a famed form of social entertainment.Maidens and the female relatives of the bride sing and dance clapping their hands.

 

 

The bride is decked in finery and intricate ornaments and seated in the middle on a high seat called the peetam. The bride’s friends and other young ladies clap their hands rhythmically to the beat of the song and dance around her.The dance is not vigorous  and the steps are simple and movements are graceful.The songs sung  are called Mappilapattu and are sung firstly by the leader and the remaining women led the chorus.

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Patakom

 

 

This is another dance form similar to the Koothu in its technical content.But here the dance element is almost given up and the narration is done through an alternating prose and song sequences, the gestures being retained. A new literary form called Champu, which accommodated more and more of Malayalam idiom and vocabulary was used as text for Patakom. Literally means dissertation, Patakom is performedby Nambiyars even outside temple precincts.The dancer has a red head dress and the wrist a red silk.There are gardlands around the neck and sandal paste lines across the  forehead.

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Thullal

A solo dance exposition, the Thullal is of three types.Its origin is attributed to Kunchan Nambiar, a veritable genius and one of the foremost poets of Kerala.Though based on classic principles of Natysa Shastra the technique of this art is not rigid.The songs, written in simple Malayalam, frank to outspoken wit and humour, the simplicity of presentation and the direct appeal to everyday life made Thullal very popular.

 

Traditional Music of Kerala - 3.0 out of 5 based on 3 reviews

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Kerala –Music Traditions

 

Kerala has enriched the  cultural heritage of India in the field of music, vocal and instrumental, both in its art form and in its folk form. Music , like dancing , had its orgin in the primitive dances and plays developed by the ancient people in propitation of the deities of the hills and forests.The development of such art forms as Kuthu, Kudiyattam, Ashtapadi Attam, Krishnanattam, Ramanattam, Kathakali etc gave impetus to music , for all these performances singing had the pride of place.